Article14 December 2017Reading time about 4 minutes

ECB: More EUR strength to kick in next year


Draghi successfully made today's ECB meeting a non-event, taming any EUR upside. But its own forecast on Eurozone activity suggests a rosy outlook for the euro in 2018. We target EUR/USD 1.30 next year

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Draghi successfully taming short-term EUR upside

Overall, today’s ECB meeting was one big non-event in terms of the spill-overs to the EUR. While the ECB staff revised both its GDP and CPI forecasts higher, one can argue that the change to the CPI forecast is somewhat conservative versus market expectations. For example, our economists are looking at CPI projections at 1.5%YoY vs 1.4% presented by the ECB for 2018. Hence, the knee-jerk reaction in EUR/USD lower.

But long-term EUR/USD strength on cards
Going beyond the near-term EUR price action, the rather positive upward revision to ECB’s own Eurozone GDP forecast and “greater confidence” that inflation will converge towards the central bank’s aim, also makes us more confident in our bullish EUR/USD view. We target 1.30 next year.

We expect ECB QE to end next year (though our economists think the ECB may extend it by one more quarter to 4Q18, by EUR 15bn). However, as we approach the end of QE (which is now in great part priced into the euro), we expect the market to start focusing on the ECB deposit rate normalisation. Although the latter is a story for 2019, we look for the FX market to front run the event (in the same way the FX market front ran the ECB QE tapering which was priced into the EUR well ahead of it actually starting). This should provide a boost to EUR/USD in 2H18, which is why our target of 1.30 next year.

EUR/USD still undervalued, despite its rise this year
As per our 2018 FX Outlook, we still deem EUR/USD to be undervalued both on the medium and long-term basis. Based on our medium-term BEER model, EUR/USD is undervalued by 4%, while the long-term OECD PPP model points to a fair value of 1.33 (Fig 1). 

Hence, we see plenty of upside to EUR/USD particularly when the perception of the EUR has changed, with the currency no longer being perceived as a tail risk asset (as evident in the current shape of the EUR/USD option smile – Fig 2).

EUR/USD is cheap on long term basis


European FX block to benefit from higher EUR/USD

We expect the EUR/USD strength to positively spill over into the European FX space, making the European currencies the outperformers in the G10 FX space (vs the dollar block). 

In the emerging markets FX space, this points to CEE FX outperformance as this is the only emerging markets region that neatly and directly benefits from higher EUR/USD. We expect short USD/CZK position to do well next year, with the cross likely declining by 10%.

EUR is no longer seen as a tail risk currency

ING, Bloomberg
ING, Bloomberg