Article22 February 2018Reading time 4 minutes

Asia Week Ahead: Weak won may comfort Korean central bank

We have scaled back our Bank of Korea policy forecast from two rate hikes this year to only one in the third quarter

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South Korean data deluge

A Bloomberg headline this week that “S. Korea’s Household Debt Hits Record $1.3 Trillion in 2017” punches monetary policy hawks ahead of the Bank of Korea (BoK) monetary policy meeting on Tuesday, February 27. The article cited an 8% rise in household debt in the last year led by surging mortgage debt. The pace of debt growth has slowed from 11.6% in 2016 but it’s still too rapid for an economy growing at only 3%. The article also cited the risk of rising debt defaults as interest rates go up. High household debt has prominently appeared as a risk in BoK policy statements.

The BoK started raising policy interest rates in November 2017, in what now looks like it will be a very slow tightening cycle. The pressure on further tightening has ebbed since, thanks to a sharp slowdown in GDP growth in the final quarter of 2017 (to 3% from 3.8%) and inflation has also begun to drift well below the target rate. A slew of Korean activity data, including forward-looking consumer and business confidence indexes and hard data on exports and industrial production, will inform on the current state of the economy. The recent global market rout could dent confidence indicators while the Lunar New Year holiday will distort real activity data.

Bank of Korea rate decision

Moreover, the recent market turbulence should have laid to rest the BoK’s concern over the Korean won (KRW). The selloff once again exposed the KRW’s “VIX currency” status, e.g. appreciating more than most other Asian currencies during 'risk-on' market sentiment and depreciating more than most during 'risk off'. While markets do not expect the BoK to change their policy at the forthcoming meeting, they will pore through the statement for signs of future policy moves. We have scaled back our BoK policy forecast for this year from two 25bp rate hikes to only one in the third quarter of the year.

Singapore PMI

Singapore’s industrial production for January and manufacturing PMI for February will help show how GDP growth is shaping up in 2018. The 13% year-on-year growth in non-oil domestic exports (NODX) in January was an upside surprise but electronics shipments growth, the mainstay of Singapore’s exports, remained in negative territory. We expect NODX growth to return to the mid-single digit range this year. The April central bank decision remains a very tough call, and we are still somewhat uncomfortable with our long-standing tightening forecast. But following the recent stimulative budget announcement, some very modest offsetting tightening by the Monetary Authority Of Singapore seems more probable than it did.

Hong Kong Budget

Hong Kong’s Budget for 2018 is due on February 28. Just as in Singapore, a significant fiscal surplus leading to a payback to households will not come as a complete surprise. Innovation is the buzz-word in both Hong Kong and Singapore with greater policy initiatives.

Indian GDP

India also reports GDP data for the October-December quarter. The majority of Asian economies posted a year-on-year growth slowdown in the last quarter of 2017, thanks mostly to a high base a year ago. India’s growth, however, benefits from low base effects. Consistent also with the run of high-frequency data over the period, we anticipate a slight acceleration in growth to 6.5% YoY in the October-December quarter from 6.3% the previous quarter. But it will take a big upside growth surprise to put some lift in the Indian rupee, Asia’s worst performer this month.

Asia Economic Calendar

Bloomberg, ING
Bloomberg, ING