Italy's populist Five Star Movement and the far-right League have sent jitters across markets with their proposals to form a government on an openly euro-sceptic agenda. The President’s veto of a proposed Euro-sceptic finance minister at one point threatened a constitutional crisis.
Concerns over mini-BOTs
Concerns that populists might consider the idea of issuing mini-BOTs, a short-term debt instrument often described as a disguised parallel currency, have especially fanned investor fears over Italy, where support for the EU is relatively low.
Fresh elections early next year?
So far a crash in Italian debt markets have pulled populists back from the brink, and at present, their leaders are trying to form a less confrontational government. Yet, the prospect of fresh elections early next year remains.
Brussels' stance matters
The degree to which financial market discipline curtails populist policies – and Brussel's stance to draw the string from populist support – will be key in determining Italy’s political path.