SHFE Nickel positions jump 22% on speculative buying
The power of SHFE
Shanghai’s speculative flows have been an increasing presence in the market since 2015 when both the collapse and eventual halting of the stock market drove retail traders to metals. The growth of the SHFE Nickel contract has been just awesome with volumes at times matching the 39-year-old LME contract and all this after only having launched in March 2015.
SHFE Nickel almost matching LME
SHFE and LME Nickel Volumes (Mt)
Nickel vs Stainless could be cause for concern
Given the highly speculative and even retail trading base of SHFE, a quick turn to profit taking and mass liquidation is always a risk. On a fundamental basis, we do feel cautious. We note that stainless steel prices almost perfectly led the nickel price through 2017. Even following the EV hype that followed LME Week in November, once nickel overshot the price of this core demand unit the market soon reversed. Nickel's outperformance of stainless had put it on our watch list back in December and if yesterday’s price gains don’t follow through, then it will seem the demand side of the equation isn’t matching up. Stainless steel is responsible for c.60-70% of nickel demand with EV and batteries still making up less than 5%.
ING expects Nickel prices to average $11,000/mt in 2018 and whilst we do see supply deficits we think that high inventory will keep prices capped. We are expecting prices to rise to $13,000 through 2020 as those stocks are drawn down.