ING forecast of BSP policy rate
50bp hike from the current level
A double-barrel tightening by Philippines' central bank
Central banks in Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and the Philippines all hold their monetary policy meetings next week, but a broad consensus forecast for no change in rates by the first three, make these non-events.
We think the Philippines central bank meeting next Thursday (9 August) will be the most significant. Coming in just ahead of the meeting will be the July inflation figures and GDP for the second quarter, which are likely to play a key role in the decision.
Rising inflation and the weak currency were triggers for the two 25 basis point rate hikes in May and June. Of these, the second factor has somewhat faded recently; not only has the peso stabilised in sync with emerging FX, but the 0.4% appreciation against the US dollar over the last month was also the most among Asian currencies. However, rising inflation remains a tailwind for higher rates, and that's getting even stronger.
Inflation surged past the central bank’s 4.3 - 5.1% forecast range to 5.2% year-on-year in June. Our Philippines economist, Joey Cuyegkeng, sees it jumping further to 5.4% in July and thinks it's unlikely to stop there. Higher minimum wages, transport fares, elevated fuel prices, income tax reforms, and the weaker currency are all likely to sustain the upward trend for the remainder of the year. And in our view, this requires more aggressive policy action.
We forecast steady, strong GDP growth of 6.7% YoY in the second-quarter - barely moving from 6.8% in 1Q and we think this provides scope for a 50 basis point hike rather than the standard 25 basis point move.
ING forecast of China's exports in July
Little changed pace from June
Little impact of US tariffs on China’s exports
China’s July data dump begins next week too.
The trade and foreign reserves data will be closely watched for the trade war impact. The first phase of US tariffs covering $34 billion of Chinese goods became effective from 6 July. We think it’s premature to expect a significant impact just yet. Our Greater China economist, Iris Pang, forecasts 11.7% year-on-year growth in Chinese exports in July, little changed from June.
Our steady export growth forecast assumes that most of the trade in July was due to pre-booked orders, which were unlikely to have been cancelled due to tariffs. And, $34 billion accounts for only 8% of China’s annual exports to the US, and 1.5% of total yearly exports. The impact will be pronounced if the US moves toward $200 billion of tariffs, but that’s something for the latter part of the year.
We believe a steady 3% yuan depreciation vs the US dollar in the last month, and capital outflows associated with it, should have dragged foreign exchange reserves lower. Our forecast of $3.097 trillion reserves in for the end of July represents a $15 billion drop on the month.